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在SQLServer中如何删除重复记录

Admin | 2007-12-1 13:44:07 | ReadNums | 63058 | 标签 数据库Sql,VFP,Access | 打印本页
     

      一张表里面以两个字段为唯一字段,当几条记录的这两个字段完全相同时,即出现重复记录,需要删除重复项,如下面表:
a b c d
1 2 3 4
1 5 3 5
1 2 7 9
      以a、b为唯一字段,第一条和第三条的a、b完全相同,所以,需要删除第一条记录1 2 3 4 或者第三条记录1 2 7 9
即如下结果:
a b c d
1 2 3 4
1 5 3 5

a b c d
1 5 3 5
1 2 7 9

      SQL语句如下
CREATE TABLE Tb1(id int, [a] varchar(255), [b] varchar(255), [c] varchar(255), [d] varchar(255))
INSERT Tb1(id, [a], [b], [c], [d])
           SELECT 1, '1','2','3','4'
UNION ALL  SELECT 2, '1','5','3','5'
UNION ALL  SELECT 3, '1','2','7','9'
UNION ALL  SELECT 4, '1','4','7','6'

delete Tb1 where [id] not in (select max([id]) from Tb1 group by a,b )
select * from tb1
 
drop table tb1

如果要同时删除第一和第三行
即如下结果:
a b c d
1 5 3 5

语句如下:

delete m from tb t
inner join
(
select a ,b
from tb
group by a , b
having count(*)>1
)n
on m.a = n.a and m.b = n.b

delete * from tb as m,
(
select a ,b
from tb
group by a , b
having count(*)>1
)n
where m.a = n.a and m.b = n.b

      在几千条记录里,存在着些相同的记录,如何能用SQL语句,删除掉重复的呢?
1、查找表中多余的重复记录,重复记录是根据单个字段(peopleId)来判断
select * from people
where peopleId in (select  peopleId  from  people  group  by  peopleId  having  count(peopleId) > 1)

2、删除表中多余的重复记录,重复记录是根据单个字段(peopleId)来判断,只留有rowid最小的记录
delete from people
where peopleId  in (select  peopleId  from people  group  by  peopleId   having  count(peopleId) > 1)
and rowid not in (select min(rowid) from  people  group by peopleId  having count(peopleId )>1)

3、查找表中多余的重复记录(多个字段)
select * from vitae a
where (a.peopleId,a.seq) in  (select peopleId,seq from vitae group by peopleId,seq  having count(*) > 1)

4、删除表中多余的重复记录(多个字段),只留有rowid最小的记录
delete from vitae a
where (a.peopleId,a.seq) in  (select peopleId,seq from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*) > 1)
and rowid not in (select min(rowid) from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*)>1)

5、查找表中多余的重复记录(多个字段),不包含rowid最小的记录
select * from vitae a
where (a.peopleId,a.seq) in  (select peopleId,seq from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*) > 1)
and rowid not in (select min(rowid) from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*)>1)

比方说在A表中存在一个字段“name”,而且不同记录之间的“name”值有可能会相同,
现在就是需要查询出在该表中的各记录之间,“name”值存在重复的项;
Select Name,Count(*) From A Group By Name Having Count(*) > 1

如果还查性别也相同大则如下:
Select Name,sex,Count(*) From A Group By Name,sex Having Count(*) > 1
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
declare @max integer,@id integer
declare cur_rows cursor local for select 主字段,count(*) from 表名 group by 主字段 having count(*) >; 1
open cur_rows
fetch cur_rows into @id,@max
while @@fetch_status=0
begin
select @max = @max -1
set rowcount @max
delete from 表名 where 主字段 = @id
fetch cur_rows into @id,@max
end
close cur_rows
set rowcount 0

方法二
  有两个意义上的重复记录,一是完全重复的记录,也即所有字段均重复的记录,二是部分关键字段重复的记录,比如Name字段重复,而其他字段不一定重复或都重复可以忽略。
  1、对于第一种重复,比较容易解决,使用
select distinct * from tableName
  就可以得到无重复记录的结果集。
  如果该表需要删除重复的记录(重复记录保留1条),可以按以下方法删除
select distinct * into #Tmp from tableName
drop table tableName
select * into tableName from #Tmp
drop table #Tmp
  发生这种重复的原因是表设计不周产生的,增加唯一索引列即可解决。

  2、这类重复问题通常要求保留重复记录中的第一条记录,操作方法如下
  假设有重复的字段为Name,Address,要求得到这两个字段唯一的结果集
select identity(int,1,1) as autoID, * into #Tmp from tableName
select min(autoID) as autoID into #Tmp2 from #Tmp group by Name,autoID
select * from #Tmp where autoID in(select autoID from #tmp2)
  最后一个select即得到了Name,Address不重复的结果集(但多了一个autoID字段,实际写时可以写在select子句中省去此列)
select * from tablename where id in (
select id from tablename
group by id
having count(id) > 1)


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